Summer 2009




The club chairman, Dennis Brown, shown presenting Graham Reedman with the Find of the Year shield for  the best coin found on a club search during the 2008/2009 club year.  

   The award was for a hammered silver penny of either Stephen or Matilda (the jury is still out on this) minted during the Civil War and Anarchy, 1138—1153.


The Artefact of the Year award was presented by the club chairman to Darren Hoyle for his find of a lifetime a 15th., century gold padlock.
     The padlock is “Treasure” and as such is subject to the provisions of the “Treasure Act”, it is at present being valued.
      Reports in more detail about the padlock’s discovery can be found in the Summer 2008, club newsletter or in an article by John Radford in the December 2008 issue of the Searcher magazine.

It is shown here with a five pence to give an idea of how small the lock is.

Find Of The Month March
Coin:- Joint John Radford and David Hallam. Artefact:- Jonathan Bryant.

Edward 1 silver hammered penny,
 found by John Radford.


Elizabeth 1 sixpence 1583,
found by David Hallam.


Roman Fibula,
found by Jonathon Bryant.


Find Of The Month April
Coin:- John Radford. Artefact joint:- John Radford. and Caroline Crabtree

Henry111 short cross silver hammered penny, found by John Radford.


Joan of Arc badge,
found by John Radford.


Trade Union badge,
found by Caroline Crabtree.


Find Of The Month May
Coin:- Dennis Brown. Artefact Dennis Brown.

Mary silver groat,
found by Dennis Brown.

Silver fob,
found by Dennis Brown

Find Of The Month June
Coin:- Dave Rhodes. Artefact John Radford.

Elizabeth1 silver shilling,
found by Dave Rhodes.

Crotal bell,
found by John Radford.

Find Of The Month July
Coin:- Roger Bacon. Artefact Dennis Brown.

Charles1 shilling,
found by Roger Bacon.

Celtic dress pin,
found by Dennis Brown

Other finds during the period


Henry 1. silver hammered penny,
quadrilateral on cross fleury type. 1126—1126. 
 Found by Mary Severn. 
(Seaby Standard Catalogue of British Coins 1276)


Cross                  Car keys Philip and Mary groat 1554 - 1558 Two leaden tokens
Norman Daynes Dave Hallam Bust of Mary. John Radford

17th. century seal matrix,
found by John Gough

Tool for extracting stones from the hooves of horses,
found by June Reedman.



Club Chairman, Dennis Brown, presenting Bill Severn with the cup for winning the Best Natural Find on the club annual rally.

Bill won the award with his open ended thimble illustrated below.






A new award has been introduced to the club, it is for the club Detectorist of the Year. The winner of the award is decided by the total number of points gained in the Find of the Month from April to March each year.

   This year two members, John Wardle and John Radford, gained the same number of points, they both shared the award. The chairman is shown presenting them with their certificates.






Thought this might be interesting for the newsletter, had it follow me about the field on a club search at ……. in July so I had to take a photograph.   It is a Peacock butterfly (Inachis io) wingspan 2 3/8" or 60mm, The "eyes" are a means of defence, when disturbed by a predator it opens and closes it's wings rapidly displaying the eyes to frighten it off. I think this one was taking advantage of a rest in the sun after the previous days rain.                    

John Radford.




by Priscilla Langridge

At the turn of the century Masonic bodies began to show an awakening interest both in forming collections and in designing new specimens for use in the Chapters. Die sinkers and manufacturers issued fine examples. The usual metal in which these pennies are struck is copper but which is sometimes bronzed. There are also silver, copper, aluminium, copper and brass,   copper and nickel and even rare examples in gold to be found.  
     The building of Solomon's Temple is perhaps the quintessence of Masonry. It is both significant of the gaining of knowledge of the physical world, and of making the body a temple by the culture                                        
     The degree of Masonry: the ‘Entered   a Apprentice’ signifies a beginning to learn. Then   comes   the   Fellow-craft,  which  signifies something learnt and applied under the direction of a Master. The degree of Master implies a capability to teach or to direct instruction. The Royal Arch completes the philosophic character, and is the acme of the Masonry of the Grand Lodge. The Templar degrees of the Christian orders can only add a new form of the allegory. To all Masons God is considered the Great Architect of the Universe and the Sun represents His illuminating glory. 'Free and accepted Masons' is a term taken from medieval times. Persons were then 'admitted', 'accepted’ and 'made free', 'entered' of the guild. The word 'accepted’ probably dates back to the old Operative Craft 'Chapters' and Lodges. In England the first Mother Grand Lodge of the world was inaugurated in London in 1717. Early lodges were first known by the name of the sign of the house where they met. Towards the middle of the 18th century the lodges began to assume the names of the virtues, the graces, and of persons.
The club thanks Priscilla Langridge for allowing us to publish her article about Masonic Tokens.




A talk about bomb disposal and the use of the oil extracted from Duke’s Wood, Eakring, was given by Kevin Topham at the August club meeting. Kevin is the curator of the Duke’s Wood Oil Museum which is open every Sunday and by appointment weekdays. Details of the Oil Museum and Duke’s Wood Nature Reserve can be obtained from or from Kevin on 01623 882446.
        The talk was very interesting and gave club members an understanding of the risks faced by the brave servicemen who place their lives on the line dealing with all types of explosive devices.
        Remember when metal detecting to treat any finds of live rounds or explosive devices with caution and if necessary inform the police. 
       Most club members were surprised with the importance of the oil extracted by the Duke’s wood ’Nodding Donkeys’ to the war effort. The oil was of a superior quality and proved to be perfect for use by Rolls Royce Merlin engines used by the R.A.F. at that time in high performance fighters and bombers.

A seven foot statue in bronze, ‘The Oil Patch Warrior’ was created by the artist Jay O’Melia.  An identical statue is at Ardmore, Oklahoma.

Richard Attenborough stands beside a Duke’s Wood, ‘Nodding Donkey’ in 1988.

   (Pictures from the Duke’s Wood Oil Museum
 Nature Trail brochure.



In search of Whinbush Steve

 AMDC car boot search
Thursday 9th July 2008

 An old pagan Saxon called Steve
In Christianity he tried to believe
So with a cross he was buried
But river Styx he was ferried
And left behind this I retrieved.

(‘Tis a buckle!)

King of Whinbush he was known,
For that was his home,
Later used for a car boot sale
We found lots of things
But nowt lost by Kings
So we went to the pub for an ale.
So that is the end of this tale.(please yourselves)

John Radford


A very happy Mike Tyndall is shown here on a club search holding the Charles 1 silver hammered shilling he has just found. Mike found the coin on only his second club search.



This cut quarter was found by David Hallam on a club search.

The illustration shows where the quarter would have been cut from the whole coin.

Son of Swegn Forkbeard, King of Denmark Cnut was acclaimed King by the Danish fleet in England in 1014 but he was forced to leave. He returned in 1015 and in 1016 he agreed to a division of the country with Eadmund Ironsides the son of Aethelred. On the death of Eadmund in November 1016 Cnut secured all England by marrying Emma of Normandy,  the widow of Aethelred.



The choice of book for this issue of the club newsletter is not one but a set of five books.


Published by Seaby.

  Volume 1 lists the silver issues of the Roman Republic from the 3rd., century BC., through the Imperatorial period and ends with Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. The coins are in the alphabetical order of the families who issued them.
It has 166 pages with 748 photographic illustrations. 

  Volume 11. Listing every known type and variety of silver coin issued by the Roman emperors Tiberius through Commodus (AD 14 - 192).
It has 258 pages with 573 photographic illustrations. 
  Volume 111. Listing every known type and variety of silver coin issued by the Roman emperors Pertinax through Balbinus and Pupienus (AD 193 - 238).
It has161 pages with 382 photographic illustrations.

   Volume 1V. Listing every known type and variety of silver and billon coin issued by the Roman emperors Gordian III through Gallienus and the Gallic usurper Postumus (AD 238 - 268).
It has 137 pages with 255 photographic illustrations.

   Volume V, the last in the series. Listing every known type and variety of silver coin issued between the coinage reform of Diocletian (AD 284 - 305) and the issues of the British usurper Carausius (AD 286/7 - 293) through the deposition of Romulus Augustus in the West (AD 476) and the death of the eastern emperor Zeno (AD 491).
It has 214 pages with 295 photographic illustrations. 

 An invaluable set of reference books they cost me about £50 when I bought them in the late 1980s. A set offered by numibook on the internet is priced at £125. Unfortunately with the policy of the charity shops to cherry pick donated books, the chances of coming across any decent coin books in a charity shop is remote.  



AUGUSTUS  27 B.C. A.D. 14
CAIUS OCTAVIUS THURINUS was born in Rome in 63 B.C. the great nephew and heir of Julius Caesar. Octavian, as he was now called, with Mark Antony and Lepidus  defeated Brutus and Cassius at the battle of Philippi. He then defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the battle of Actium in 31 B.C. to become, at the age of 33, sole master of the Roman Empire. He was granted the title ‘Augustus’ which became his name. He died at the age of 77 in A.D. 14
His stepson Tiberius was his successor.

A.D. 14 — 37
TIBERIUS CLAUDIUS NERO was born in 42 B.C. the oldest son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia. His father had fought against Octavian and in 40 B.C.  fled to Greece. However he returned to Rome the following year and was forced to divorce his wife Livia so that Octavian could marry her. Tiberius then became the stepson of Octavian. He succeeded Augustus in A.D. 14 becoming a good administrator until he retired to Capri in A.D. 26 He died aged 78 in A.D. 37.
The crucifixion of Jesus Christ happened during his reign. His successor was Caligula.

A.D. 37 — 41
CAIUS CAESAR was born at Antium in A.D. 12, the youngest son of Germanicus and Agrippina Senior. He was nicknamed Caligula by the soldiers because as a small child he wore a miniature uniform of a private soldier together with the half boot, caligula. He succeeded Tiberius in A.D. 37. At first he was a good emperor but later that year had a nervous breakdown that led to cruelty, oppression and personal depravity. He was assassinated in A.D. 41.
Claudius succeeded him.

A.D. 41 — 54
TIBERIUS CLAUDIUS DRUSUS was born in 10 B.C. Despite his high birth he was kept out of the public eye due to his disability, thought to be cerebral palsy. His mental abilities did not seem to have been impaired and he proved to be a good administrator. In A.D. 43 he ‘took part’ in the invasion of Britain and the occupation that lasted until the fifth century. He married Agrippina Junior in A.D. 49 and adopted her son, Nero. Claudius died in A.D. 54 thought by a poison placed on a succulent mushroom by Agrippina. His stepson Nero succeeded him.

A.D.  54 — 68
LUCIUS DOMITIUS AHENOBARBUS after his adoption by Claudius became Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus and was made emperor in A.D. 54, at the age of 16. At first, under guidance he ruled wisely however he took up the reigns of power himself in A.D. 62. His extravagance and vanity became unbridled. He is mainly remembered for the great fire of Rome in A.D. 64. He committed suicide in A.D. 68.
 He was succeeded by Galba.

A.D.  68 — 69
SERVIUS SULPICIUS GALBA was born in 3 B.C. He was campaigning when he gained the support of many provincial governors and proclaimed himself emperor in A.D. 68. arriving in Rome from Spain in October that year. His severity and avarice soon alienated the people and, more importantly, the army. He was stabbed in the neck by Camarius a soldier of the Fifteenth Legion. His adopted son, Piso, was also killed and both their heads were cut off and displayed on poles. Galba’s head was reunited with his body and buried in his garden.



This display of leaden tokens was made by Dennis Brown, the club chairman. The display case is hinged and in two parts, firstly the top half is a frame with glass (not shown) that closes onto the display half shown above.



This button was found by Paul Wigginton on a recent club search. It is a uniform button issued by the Midland Railway which ran in Great Britain until 1923.  A Wyvern, the emblem of the Midland Railway, is in the centre of the button. The wyvern is similar to a European dragon, but it differs in that it has only two legs and has a barbed, or snake like tail. It is said to be smaller than a dragon and sometimes to be able to breathe fire. In heraldry, it represents pestilence, conquest, or other such ideas.


HENRY 111 1216 - 1272

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