Autumn 2009




                                 PAUL WIGGINTON (aka Wiggo)  and   ANTHONY JAMES (aka Postie)
They are shown here holding some of the hoard of silver Roman denarius found by both of them on a club search in September.
     All are Roman imperial coins with one exception, a coin of Mark Antony who died in 30B.C. The imperial coins date from 69 to 138A.D. that would be the period between the building of the Fossway (A46) and the death of Hadrian the wall builder.
     The find spot was on the top of a high hill that commands a spectacular view of the surrounding countryside, leading to the speculation that the loss may have been a lost purse, possibly by a lookout, and not a buried hoard. No pottery, coins or other artefacts were discovered in the vicinity.                                             Further details see below,




COIN:-  Henry V hammered silver penny.

1413 - 1422.

Found by John Wardle.

ARTEFACT:- William 111 silver love token. Joint.
Found by Mike Tindall.

Silver War Badge.
Found by Dennis Brown. Joint.

                                 THE SILVER WAR BADGE

Dennis Brown was awarded the joint August ‘Find of the Month Award’ for his Silver War Badge found during a club search..
     The badge was first authorised in 1916 and issued to all military personnel who were discharged through sickness or wounds contracted or received during the war, either at home or overseas. It was worn on the lapel of civilian clothes.
     The reason for this badge was to prevent men of military age, out of uniform, being harassed by women attempting to give them a ‘white feather’ as a sign of cowardice. The ‘Organisation of the White Feather’ was formed by Admiral Charles Fitzgerald at the start of the First World War as a means of applying pressure on able bodied men to enlist in the British Army.
     The Silver War Badge was also known, erroneously, as the Silver Wound Badge. It was circular in shape with the George V cipher surrounded by the legend  For King and Country - Services Rendered. Each badge was numbered, the one found by Dennis has the number B250157 on the back.
An interesting find that illustrates part of the scene  in Britain and the depth of public feeling during the First World War.

                               FIND OF THE MONTH SEPTEMBER
COIN:-  The award was awarded to Antony James and Paul Wigginton for the hoard of Roman denarius found on  a club search.  (Illustrated below). 


ARTEFACT:-  Roman eagle mount.
Found by Jeff Oscroft.

A near identical mount is in Benet’s Artefacts second volume, page171 number R09-0403.

Described as Mount (Eagle) 50mm. Spread wings with feathers detailed. Mounted on a stem. Perhaps from a military standard.



Edward1 long cross penny found by David Hallam.

Alan Roberts


Charles 1 silver half groat found by Alan Roberts.

This was the first hammered coin found by Alan who is a new member of the club.


First of many!


18th/19th., century pipe tamper in the design of a leg wearing a riding boot. Found by Gerry Scothern.
       See Detector Finds 1 page six.



Dated 1815 and found by Tony Elliott. Issued by the Bank of England between 1811 and 1816, they were struck in silver with denominations of  one shilling and sixpence (7.5 grams) and three shillings (15 grams). The Bank's name does not appear on the coins, just the legend `Bank Token'.
     They were issued because no halfcrowns had been minted since 1751 and the supply of overstrikes had proved to be inadequate.



Dave Rhodes on his second signal at the recent Market Rasen Rally found this Edward 111 gold noble, pictured on the left. Unfortunately the coin was damaged prior to Dave finding it. I wonder what his first signal was, a Double leopard perhaps?  

We do not have a picture of Dave at the Rally but, on the right, we have one of him when he found this superb Elizabeth 1 silver threepence dated 1574, on a club search near Southwell.





The club was approached by a local farmer to locate some obsolete oil pipes on a farm he had just bought. The oil pipes were not reclaimed after the oil company had dismantled its small oil rigs known as ‘Nodding Donkeys’ which had been vital during World War 2.
     Normally the pipes were deeper in the ground than the plough would reach and cultivation was unaffected. However the drainage of the land left a lot to be desired and the farmer decided to locate and take out the pipes in order to break the sub soil up and install new drains.
     The fields in which the oil pipes were buried covered over one hundred and fifty acres and no maps existed to indicate where the pipes were. Another drawback was the depth, between two and three feet deep. Definitely all metal mode!
     After a considerable time searching club members found a large number of pipes, in length many hundreds of feet. The pictures below show the work in progress 1.  The excavator exposing the pipes after they had been located. 2. A pipe being extracted from the ground. 3 Just a few of the pipes recovered. 4. Mary Severn insisting on filling the hole. The depth that the pipes were recovered from can be judged by how deep in the trench Mary is standing.



Paul Wigginton and Anthony James holding their hoard of silver denarii.

part of the hoard found by Anthony James.

            1.           Hadrian                                2.              Titus                              3.                   Trajan

         4.            Trajan                                 5.              Unknown                                  6.            Domitian     

                                    7.               Hadrian                                 8.             Unknown

Of the 8 Roman denarii found by Antony James 6 of them have been provisionally identified. They are:-  

 Number of coins
 2                                2            


 Date of reign
 71 - 79 - 81A.D.
 73 - 81—96A.D.
 98 - 117A.D.
 117 - 138A.D.  



        1.          Vespasian                              2.             Vespasian                              3.           Vespasian 

       4.            Trajan                                 5.                 Trajan                                  6.               Trajan


         7.         Trajan                                  8                 Trajan                                      9.            Domitian


           10.         Domitian                              11.             Hadrian                               12.              Sabina


                                   13.        Mark Antony                             14.        Unknown

Of the 14 Roman denarii found by Paul Wigginton 13 of them have been provisionally identified. They are:-  

 Number of coins


 Date of reign

 1.  Vespasian  60 - 70A.D.
 2.  Domitian  73 - 81A.D.
 5.  Trajan  98 - 117A.D.
 1.  Hadrian  117 - 138A.D.
 1  Sabena (Wife of Hadrian)  117 - 137A.D.
 1  Mark Antony  30B.C. (Died)
The date of the hoard is after 138A.D.. The coin out of sequence is the one of Mark Antony. This may have been a good luck piece.



Mr. Lower forwarded the following communication:—"I send a drawing of a very curious relic lately dug up in the church-yard at Alfriston, county of Sussex.  What name to give it, I do not know, though its uses are quite obvious. It comprises an ear-pick, a nail-picky a tooth-pick, and a tongue-scraper; the turned part of the last ingeniously I contrived to protect the points of the other three. When closed, this little implement (which I have delineated of the actual size) might be conveniently carried in one's waistcoat pocket The material is silver-gilt. It was discovered at the depth of three feet, in digging a grave, on the site of an old foot-path, where no interment had taken place for many years. As no motive can be assigned for burying such an article with a dead body, I am disposed to imagine that it must have fallen from the person of a bystander into an open grave during a funeral.
       On the inside of the tongue-scraper the following legend is neatly engraved: ihs * help * me * dio. herst. On the corresponding face of the ear-pick, the name only is repeated, dio * herst. The mark of contraction over the ihs could not be shown in my sketch.
       In the parish register of Alfriston, is the following entry, referring to the original possessor of this interesting relic:—

                                                                           Buryalls A°. Dni. 1584.

                                                           Dennis Herst, buryed the xiiij of ffebruarys.

The article is clearly of a considerably earlier date, and was probably manufactured some thirty or forty years before the period of Herst's decease. It is in the possession of Mr. James Richardson, parish clerk of Alfriston."



        HOOKED-CLASPS & EYES - Brian Read

In this issue of our newsletter I would like to feature a book ‘Hooked-Clasps and Eyes’ by Brian Read that I was lucky enough to win in a recent Searcher magazine competition. Many of you will know the author from his other books, History Beneath Our Feet, Metal Artefacts of Antiquity and Metal Buttons 900 BC - c.AD 1700, all firm favourites with metal detectorists.

   The book covers, in over 800 separate descriptive entries with images, small sharp or blunt hooks known as, clothing fasteners, clothing hooks, dress fasteners, dress hooks, hooked fasteners, hooked tags, hooks and eyes, cloak fasteners, cloak clasps, scarf hooks, hat hooks, collar clasps, nummular brooches, havettes, toggle clasps and sword belt fittings.

Available from Portcullis Publishing £19.95 £2 P &P.




Postie and Wiggo  WITH THE FIRST Minelab hoARDHUNTER



OTHO   A.D. 69
Marcus Salvius Otho was born in A.D. 32. He was a favourite of Nero who, in A.D. 58, appointed him governor to Lusitania in order to seduce his wife Poppaea. After ten years as governor he supported Galba in his revolt however Galba adopted Piso instead of Otho. Otho then had himself proclaimed emperor and had Galba and Piso killed. He defeated Vitellius three times but was defeated in the fourth battle and committed suicide by stabbing himself. He only reigned for ninety two days.

Aulus Vitellius was born in A.D. 15. He lived most of his young life at Capri and was a favourite with Caligula, Claudius and Nero. In A.D. 69 he was sent by Galba to Germany. Soon after he was proclaimed emperor by the soldiers defeating Otho at the battle of Bedriacum. His gluttony and vices were phenomenal, in the few months he was in Rome he spent 900,000,000 sesterces on banquets. He was killed by the troops of Vespasian and his body was thrown into the Tiber. Reign was from January to December A.D. 69. 

VESPASIAN   A.D. 69 - 79  
Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus was born in A.D. 9 the son of a tax collector. He soon rose in the ranks of the military and commanded part of the invasion of Britain by Claudius, receiving the ‘Triumphalic Ornamento’ for his service. In A.D. 60 Nero chose him to quell the rebellion of the Jews. A.D. 69 saw the legions proclaim him emperor and later that year he was accepted by the senate. He was a just and able leader and one of Rome’s greatest imperial  builders he died in A.D. 79 and was deified.

TITUS   A.D. 71 - 79 Caesar, 79 - 81 Augustus.
Titus Flavius Vespasianus was born in A.D. 40, the oldest son of Vespasian. He put down the Jewish rebellion in A.D. 70. He then returned to Rome and assisted his father to administer the empire. In A.D. 79 he succeeded his father to the purple but only reigned for two years. His short reign was marred by two disasters, the eruption of Mount Vesuvius and destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum and the fire of Rome. It was rumoured that he was poisoned by Domitian but this was never proved.

DOMITIAN A.D. 73 - 81 Caesar, 81 - 96 Augustus. 
Titus Flavius Domitianus was the youngest son of Vespasian he was born in Rome in A.D. 51. On the death of his brother, Titus, he gained the throne. At first he ruled wisely and acted to control the corruption of city officials and provincial governors. He put to death three of the Vestal Virgins, for incest and Cornelia, the Chief Vestal, for having numerous lovers. She was buried alive and her lovers beaten to death. Domitian was stabbed to death as a result of a plot by his wife Domitia, his chamberlain and the Praetorian Prefect.

NERVA   A.D. 96 – 98.
Marcus Cocceius Nerva was born in A.D. 30 he became an influential lawyer and was consul with Vespasian and again in A.D. 90 with Domitian. On the death of Domitian he was made emperor by the Senate. He ruled justly and improved conditions but was unable to command and lacked administrative skills. The situation became serious and he adopted a military man, Trajan, handing to him full powers. He lived for just sixteen months after retirement and died after suffering a fever.



Part of a display at a talk given to the Mansfield Over Fifties Club by John Gough on the 4th., of September.



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